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Do you need your thyroid gland removed in Singapore?

Updated: Nov 14, 2023

As an experienced ENT surgeon, I have encountered many patients with thyroid conditions, some of which require removal of the thyroid gland. In this article, I will discuss when a thyroid gland needs to be removed and the necessary steps involved in making the diagnosis and planning for surgery.


Thyroid Gland Removal:

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck that produces hormones that regulate metabolism and other bodily functions. In some cases, the thyroid gland can become enlarged or develop nodules, which can be benign or malignant. When these nodules grow, it can affect the function of the thyroid gland and can even compress nearby structures in the neck, causing difficulty breathing or swallowing.


When a patient presents with symptoms such as difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, or a lump in the neck, I perform a physical examination and order tests such as thyroid function tests, ultrasound, and fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of the thyroid gland. FNAB is a minimally invasive procedure where a small sample of thyroid tissue is taken for examination under a microscope to determine if the nodule is cancerous.

If the results of the FNAB indicate cancer or if the nodule is causing significant compression or obstruction, surgery may be necessary to remove part or all of the thyroid gland.


Planning for Surgery:


Before surgery, I discuss the procedure with the patient and obtain a complete medical history. We discuss the risks and benefits of the surgery, as well as any potential complications. We also review any medications or supplements that the patient is taking, as some may need to be stopped prior to surgery.


During the surgery, I make an incision in the neck and carefully remove the affected portion of the thyroid gland. In some cases, the entire gland may need to be removed.

After the surgery, the patient is monitored closely for any complications such as bleeding, infection, or damage to the vocal cords or parathyroid glands. The patient may need to stay in the hospital for a few days for observation and to receive thyroid hormone replacement therapy.


Conclusion:

In conclusion, removal of the thyroid gland may be necessary in cases of thyroid nodules or cancer. As an experienced ENT surgeon, I work closely with my patients to make a diagnosis and develop a personalized treatment plan. Surgery is carefully planned and executed to ensure the best possible outcome for the patient. If you are experiencing symptoms of a thyroid condition, don't hesitate to schedule an appointment with me.

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